History of The Barossa Valley Region
The first families of settlers arrived in the Barossa in 1842, most of whom were Silesians looking to escape the reforms ordered by their Prussian King to the traditional Lutheran service to which they were devoted. They purchased or leased land in Bethany and in a style similar to that of villages back home, established narrow strips of property along a main road with access to fresh water.
Known as a Hufendorf settlement, this system of town planning was also adopted in Lobethal in the Adelaide Hills when Johann Christian settled there in 1841. The new Barossans experimented with various crops such as tobacco, wheat and barley, but soon realised the potential for grapegrowing and the region developed rapidly to now include about 10,000ha of vineyard.
The Barossa Valley is well known for shiraz, grenache, mataro and semillon as they are very well suited to the conditions of the region.